The most important of these is automatic savings. Open a savings account, and set up your checking account so that you automatically transfer a set amount each month into your savings account. You don't have to transfer much money _ start with whatever your budget can afford. But making this automatic (and then resisting the urge to spend the money impulsively) will get you on the road to long_term savings.
Once you have a list of your expenses and your income, you will need to compare the two numbers. Your expenses should less than or equal to your income. If you have additional money after you plan your budget, you can add it to the categories for your financial goals like getting out of debt or building an emergency fund. If you have more expenses than income, you will need to find ways to cut back on your expenses. Start by cutting money from your categories in the luxury section of your budget. You can also work on ways to increase the amount you earn.