The most important of these is automatic savings. Open a savings account, and set up your checking account so that you automatically transfer a set amount each month into your savings account. You don't have to transfer much money _ start with whatever your budget can afford. But making this automatic (and then resisting the urge to spend the money impulsively) will get you on the road to long_term savings.
By listing all of your sources of income against all of your monthly expenditures (from required expenses like mortgage or rent payments to discretionary spending like eating out or going to the movies), you get a true picture of your personal cash flow, which will allow you to make better and more informed financial decisions. An accurate budget will also help you to answer that ever elusive question, "Can I afford it?"